- The world’s only underwater prison located in Rummu near Paldiski. During the Soviet era, prisoners in the Rummu jail worked in a limestone quarry, crushing limestone. After the quarry was closed, it quickly filled with groundwater, immersed also other prison buildings and formed a lake known as Blue Lagoon which is now a popular swimming and diving site.
- The world’s oldest preserved Viking ship was discovered in the Salme village on the island of Saaremaa. The ship dating from the first half of the 7th century is about 12 m long and 1.5 m wide, with a draft of 40 cm.
- The largest number of circular crosses in the world are located in St. Olav’s cemetery on the island of Vormsi, with more than 300 Celtic or Sun Crosses. The solar cross is a combination of Christian symbols and pre-Christian solar circle.
- Hotel Viru and KGB, the world’s only hotel museum describing life in Soviet hotels and propaganda under the KGB. The official Soviet version was that the construction of the legendary Viru Hotel rescued Finnish construction workers from unemployment and hunger, and that no-one was better than the Soviet construction worker.
- The world’s longest human chain was formed on 23 August 1989 when a chain of two million people joined hands through Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. It was organised as protest against the pact concluded between Stalin and Hitler, under which two totalitarian states, Germany and the Soviet Union, divided the countries located between them.
- The first sea resort in the Russian Empire was established in Kadriorg near Tallinn in 1813. Soon afterwards Haapsalu and Narva-Jõesuu became preferred holiday resorts for the members of the Russian Imperial court as well as rich Russian entrepreneurs and the elite. Together with Pärnu and Kuressaare they are important resorts also today.
- The first world championships in weightlifting organised by the Federal Internationale Halterophile, a reformed weightlifting federation, were held on the stage of Theatre Estonia in 1922. Estonians won three out of five gold medals.
Source: “More than 100 exciting reasons to visit Estonia!” published by Hotel Estonia.